Censorship of Twitter

Origin and development

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The first bit of the container does not have user data. Those with Internet access could listen to the comments by visiting twitter. Internet Font An attempt by the industry to standardize text presentation on the Internet. IOTP Internet Open Trading Protocol is an IETF specification which defines a way to create a business trading environment that is more reliable and personal than existing methods by giving the consumer more opportunities to interact directly with all parties of a transaction. Retrieved 31 March First incarnated as the ARPANET in , the Internet has metamorphosed from a military internetwork to an academic research internetwork to the current commercial internetwork.

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In Netscape Communications Corporation originally called Mosaic Communications Corporation was formed to further develop the Mosaic browser and server software for commercial use.

Shortly thereafter, the software giant Microsoft Corporation became interested in supporting Internet applications on personal computers PCs and developed its Internet Explorer Web browser based initially on Mosaic and other programs. These new commercial capabilities accelerated the growth of the Internet, which as early as had already been growing at the rate of percent per year. By the late s there were approximately 10, Internet service providers ISPs around the world, more than half located in the United States.

However, most of these ISPs provided only local service and relied on access to regional and national ISPs for wider connectivity. Consolidation began at the end of the decade, with many small to medium-size providers merging or being acquired by larger ISPs. Among these larger providers were groups such as America Online, Inc. AOL , which started as a dial-up information service with no Internet connectivity but made a transition in the late s to become the leading provider of Internet services in the world—with more than 25 million subscribers by and with branches in Australia, Europe, South America , and Asia.

Indeed, during the late s advertising revenue became the main quest of many Internet sites, some of which began to speculate by offering free or low-cost services of various kinds that were visually augmented with advertisements. By this speculative bubble had burst. While the precise structure of the future Internet is not yet clear, many directions of growth seem apparent. One is the increased availability of wireless access. Wireless services enable applications not previously possible in any economical fashion.

For example, global positioning systems GPS combined with wireless Internet access would help mobile users to locate alternate routes, generate precise accident reports and initiate recovery services, and improve traffic management and congestion control. In addition to wireless laptop computers and personal digital assistants PDAs , wearable devices with voice input and special display glasses are under development. Another future direction is toward higher backbone and network access speeds.

Backbone data rates of 10 billion bits 10 gigabits per second are readily available today, but data rates of 1 trillion bits 1 terabit per second or higher will eventually become commercially feasible. If the development of computer hardware, software, applications, and local access keeps pace, it may be possible for users to access networks at speeds of gigabits per second. At such data rates, high-resolution video—indeed, multiple video streams—would occupy only a small fraction of available bandwidth.

Remaining bandwidth could be used to transmit auxiliary information about the data being sent, which in turn would enable rapid customization of displays and prompt resolution of certain local queries. Much research, both public and private, has gone into integrated broadband systems that can simultaneously carry multiple signals—data, voice, and video.

In particular, the U. It is clear that communications connectivity will be an important function of a future Internet as more machines and devices are interconnected. In , after four years of study, the Internet Engineering Task Force published a new bit IP address standard intended to replace the conventional bit standard. By allowing a vast increase in the number of available addresses 2 , as opposed to 2 32 , this standard will make it possible to assign unique addresses to almost every electronic device imaginable.

The dissemination of digitized text, pictures, and audio and video recordings over the Internet, primarily available today through the World Wide Web, has resulted in an information explosion. Clearly, powerful tools are needed to manage network-based information. The key to making information persistently available is infrastructure and the management of that infrastructure.

Repositories of information, stored as digital objects, will soon populate the Internet. Movement of digital objects from one repository to another will still leave them available to users who are authorized to access them, while replicated instances of objects in multiple repositories will provide alternatives to users who are better able to interact with certain parts of the Internet than with others.

What began as a largely technical and limited universe of designers and users became one of the most important mediums of the late 20th and early 21st centuries. As the Pew Charitable Trust observed in , it took 46 years to wire 30 percent of the United States for electricity; it took only 7 years for the Internet to reach that same level of connection to American homes.

By , 68 percent of American adults and 90 percent of American teenagers had used the Internet. Europe and Asia were at least as well connected as the United States. Nearly half of the citizens of the European Union are online, and even higher rates are found in the Scandinavian countries. There is a wide variance in Asian countries; for example, by Taiwan, Hong Kong , and Japan had at least half of their populations online, whereas India, Pakistan, and Vietnam had less than 10 percent.

South Korea was the world leader in connecting its population to the Internet through high-speed broadband connections. The Internet is now as much a lived experience as a tool for performing particular tasks, offering the possibility of creating an environment or virtual reality in which individuals might work, socially interact with others, and perhaps even live out their lives. The Internet has evolved from the integration of two very different technological agendas—the Cold War networking of the U.

The first agenda can be dated to , when the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency DARPA sought to create a communications network that would support the transfer of large data files between government and government-sponsored academic-research laboratories. The second agenda began to emerge in with the introduction of the Apple II , the first affordable computer for individuals and small businesses. Created by Apple Computer, Inc. The task of cracking the business market fell to IBM.

Why does this matter? Established in by American publisher Stewart Brand, who viewed the BBS as an extension of his Whole Earth Catalog , the WELL was one of the first electronic communities organized around forums dedicated to particular subjects such as parenting and Grateful Dead concerts. The latter were an especially popular topic of online conversation, but it was in the parenting forum where a profound sense of community and belonging initially appeared.

In this one instance, several features still prevalent in the online world can be seen. First, geography was irrelevant. WELL members in California and New York could bring their knowledge together within the confines of a forum—and could do so collectively, often exceeding the experience available to any local physician or medical centre.

This marshaling of shared resources persists to this day as many individuals use the Internet to learn more about their ailments, find others who suffer from the same disease, and learn about drugs, physicians, and alternative therapies.

Another feature that distinguished the WELL forums was the use of moderators who could interrupt and focus discussion while also disciplining users who broke the rather loose rules. In addition, the WELL was intensely democratic. WELL forums were the original chat rooms —online spaces where individuals possessing similar interests might congregate, converse, and even share their physical locations to facilitate meeting in person.

Finally, the WELL served as a template for other online communities dedicated to subjects as diverse as Roman Catholicism , liberal politics, gardening, and automobile modification. For the individual, the Internet opened up new communication possibilities. Indeed, IM became a particular problem in classrooms, with students often surreptitiously exchanging notes via wireless communication devices.

More than 50 million American adults, including 11 million at work, use IM. Examples include protest organizing, spontaneous performance art , and shopping. Obviously, people congregated before the Internet existed, but the change wrought by mass e-mailings was in the speed of assembling such events. The page garnered hundreds of thousands of members, becoming an online forum for the discussion of police brutality in Egypt. After a popular uprising in Tunisia in January , Ghonim and several other Internet democracy activists posted messages to their sites calling for similar action in Egypt.

Their social media campaign helped spur mass demonstrations that forced Egyptian Pres. The convergence of mobs is not without some techno-silliness. In the wake of catastrophic disasters, citizens have used the Internet to donate to charities in an unprecedented fashion.

Others have used the Internet to reunite family members or to match lost pets with their owners. The role of the Internet in responding to disasters, both natural and deliberate, remains the topic of much discussion, as it is unclear whether the Internet actually can function in a disaster area when much of the infrastructure is destroyed. Certainly during the September 11, , attacks , people found it easier to communicate with loved ones in New York City via e-mail than through the overwhelmed telephone network.

Following the earthquake that struck Haiti in January , electronic media emerged as a useful mode for connecting those separated by the quake and for coordinating relief efforts. Survivors who were able to access the Internet—and friends and relatives abroad—took to social networking sites such as Facebook in search of information on those missing in the wake of the catastrophe.

Feeds from those sites also assisted aid organizations in constructing maps of the areas affected and in determining where to channel resources. The many Haitians lacking Internet access were able to contribute updates via text messaging on mobile phones.

One-to-one or even one-to-many communication is only the most elementary form of Internet social life. The very nature of the Internet makes spatial distances largely irrelevant for social interactions. The case of World of Warcraft , a popular electronic game with several million players, is one example.

In any case, what does it mean that one can own virtual property and that someone is willing to pay for this property with real money? Economists have begun studying such virtual economies , some of which now exceed the gross national product of countries in Africa and Asia.

In fact, virtual economies have given economists a means of running controlled experiments. Millions of people have created online game characters for entertainment purposes. Gaming creates an online community, but it also allows for a blurring of the boundaries between the real world and the virtual one. In Shanghai one gamer stabbed and killed another one in the real world over a virtual sword used in Legend of Mir 3.

Although attempts were made to involve the authorities in the original dispute, the police found themselves at a loss prior to the murder because the law did not acknowledge the existence of virtual property. By crime related to Lineage had forced South Korean police to create special cybercrime units to patrol both within the game and off-line.

Potential problems from such games are not limited to crime. Virtual life can be addictive. Reports of players neglecting family, school, work, and even their health to the point of death have become more common. SNSs use software to facilitate online communities where members with shared interests swap files, photographs, videos, and music, send messages and chat, set up blogs Web diaries and discussion groups, and share opinions.

Early social networking services included Classmates. In the postbubble era the leading social networking services were Myspace , Facebook, Friendster, Orkut, and LinkedIn. LinkedIn became an effective tool for business staff recruiting.

By the start of the 21st century, approximately 20 percent of the Internet population had used it at some time to meet others, with Internet dating services collecting nearly half a billion dollars per year in matchmaking fees. Dating sites capture an important aspect of the Web economy—the ability to appeal to particular niche groups.

Of the myriads of dating Web sites, many cater to individuals of particular ethnic or national identities and thereby preselect people along some well-defined axes of interest.

I probably wouldnt be worried too much if it was just a wrong icon, but the problem is, software that check for updates and checks to see if im online keeps saying im offline and can only work in offline mode.

This is causing a serious issue. Any1 have any clues how to fix this? I run Kasp Antivir and thats about it. No other wierd or free software I just dont get how it can just happen from 1 day to the other. Oh and the whole win7 "Troubleshoot" didnt detect any problems. This thread is locked. You can follow the question or vote as helpful, but you cannot reply to this thread.

Censorship in Venezuela and Venezuelan protests. University of Illinois at Chicago. Retrieved 3 December The Christian Science Monitor. We didn't block twitter Retrieved January 25, Egyptrr continues to block T Retrieved January 26, Retrieved 12 May Archived from the original on 25 October Retrieved 26 January Retrieved August 9, Retrieved August 11, Retrieved 4 April Retrieved 23 March Constitutional court rules illegal".

Retrieved 2 April Turkey's Twitter block 'lifted ' ". Retrieved 3 April Retrieved 12 July Yolsuzluk, Dedikodu ve Biraz Porno". Retrieved February 9, Retrieved March 22, Turkey accounted for more than half of all content removal requests sent to Twitter during the second half of , a ranking it has topped for three years. Retrieved August 13, Three women held in secret detention over Twitter use". Retrieved 11 May

Question Info

Sep 13,  · Hey guys, so I'm having a bit of an issue. I'm running a fresh install of win7 for over a week without any problems. Yesterday, for no apparent reason (ie. no updates, no modifications, no new software install really NOTHING) my network access icon on the bottom right taskbar has a yellow triangle over it and says i have "no internet access" even though i clearly have internet. T-Mobile Pay As You Go Prepaid Service. T-Mobile prepaid plans give you wireless access with less commitment, so you can pay--and talk--as you go. Hi, we had a storm and a short power outage and when the power came back I noticed my internet says its connected (connected through Ethernet) and its recievinf plenty of bytes when idle but I can.