Iran's "Halal Internet"

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Iran's Next Step in Building a 'Halal' Internet
It must now account for its activities, accept responsibility for them, and disclose the results in a transparent manner. Iran's cartoonist find new lines of expression. Doug Bernard covers cyber-issues for VOA, focusing on Internet privacy, security and censorship circumvention. The report also details a growing number of popular websites and apps in Iran — such as Instagram and WhatsApp — that are more aggressively being blocked. Those that have managed to access the site much fewer of late, says Bangi frequently use it as an outlet to share circumvention tips, and vent their frustration.

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Iran tightens grip on cyberspace with 'halal internet'

They also used this technique during the Arab Spring. You may have heard the term halal in other contexts, particularly with food. Halal simply means that it is permissible under Islamic law. So halal food falls in line under the rules and regulations that guide those subject to Islamic law, using words like clean and unclean.

It dictates how to slaughter animals and how to prepare the food. However, making something halal can also apply to finance, travel, clothing and other facets of life.

Whether or not Halal can apply to the internet in an effective manner, remains to be seen. He grew up overseas, the son of foreign aid workers, and lived in Pakistan for nine years and Thailand for five. He has a degree in English Literature and loves to write on his own as well, working on several personal projects.

Reporters Without Borders RSF is yet again obliged to condemn the increase in Internet censorship and persecution of online information activists in Iran. The Mojnews and Bornanews press agencies and at least two other news websites including Puyesh and 9sobh were blocked on the orders of the Committee for Determining Content that Constitutes Internet Crime , which is headed by prosecutor-general.

They were censored for reposting documents about the Tehran city hall's sale of city-owned land and apartments to senior officials and municipal council members or reposting criticism of the judicial system's inconsistency in its attempts to combat corruption. The first phase of the National Information Network was formally celebrated on 27 August by several government officials including the first vice-president, the minister of communication and information technology and the secretary-general of the Cyberspace Supreme Council.

However, they restricted their statements to the usual slogans and did not explain how this National Information Network will work and what consequences it will have for Iran's Internet users, who are officially estimated to number 30 million. During this first phase, he said the connection speed available to users would initially be 8 Mps and then 20 Mps. A Canadian resident, he was arrested while visiting his family in Iran in Story highlights In the lead up to Iran's election, the state has made the internet nearly unusable for many of its citizens Usually Iranians use VPN software to bypass government controls, but lately, these too have been blocked Some fear the government is unleashing malware and phishing software to spy on Iranian citizens U.

In the last few months Iranians have found themselves in a cyber no-man's land. Many are reporting international websites and online services, including Gmail and Skype, are often blocked and circumvention tools effectively squashed, making it difficult to communicate with anyone outside the country. National websites are still easily accessed, but as internet speeds slow to a crawl, many of the country's netizens are finding access to even the most rudimentary URLs barred -- including those belonging to banks and local businesses.

With the country's presidential election less than two weeks away, many experts find the timing of the latest apparent restrictions significant. Amanpour explains Iranian elections. Before the elections, he notes, the regime appeared to focus mainly on censoring foreign news and social media sites.

Iranians easily bypassed these controls using VPN software, which makes it look like users are accessing sites from a separate country. Lately, he says, it seems the government has become more sophisticated with its filters. In addition, encrypted international websites, such as Google and any site with "https" in front of its address, have been made so painstakingly slow that they are virtually unusable. The idea, says Bangi, is to push users to adopt the higher-speed national internet network, which some have dubbed the "halal internet" -- halal meaning permissible under Islamic law.

It acts essentially as a giant intranet allowing the authorities more power to monitor web activity and restrict access to websites. Lately Twitter has been awash with grievances from Iranians who bemoan the various implications of the new blocks.

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For years now, Iranian officials have talked about building a “Halal Internet” – essentially a giant Intranet for all of Iran that would seal off Iranian cyberspace from the rest of the. Iran appears to have quietly launched their “Halal Internet”–a closed-off, heavily censored national Internet free of the corrupting influence of . In an effort to “de-Westernize” and maintain control over internet users and the spread of information, the Iranian government has revealed a state-sponsored internet known formally as the National Information Network. This new service, nicknamed the “halal” (lawful) internet, is another.