History of Google

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Scroll through your history entries to check them as needed. The user got to this page by typing in the address bar and selecting an entry that did not look like a URL. It's at the top of the pop-out menu. When Alphabet was created as Google's parent company, it retained Google's stock price history and ticker symbol. Below the activity, select Visit.

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In addition, the service offered an unprecedented one gigabyte one billion bytes of free e-mail storage space, though users were also presented with advertisements based on keywords that the Google search engine found in their messages.

Google later expanded the amount of free storage space given to users to seven gigabytes and allowed users to rent additional space. In Google removed the beta status of Gmail, increasing its appeal to business users.

In January Google announced that it had detected a series of sophisticated hacking attacks, originating in China , that were directed at the Gmail accounts of Chinese human rights activists and foreign journalists working in China. In some cases the accounts had been reconfigured to forward all incoming and outgoing e-mail to unfamiliar addresses.

The attacks also led Google to threaten to reverse its stance, which allowed the Chinese government to censor its Google. In March, Google avoided direct conflict by automatically redirecting Chinese users of Google. At that time Google changed Google. Before Google was even launched as a company, its founders had worked on digital book projects at Stanford and had always envisioned the day when Internet users would be able to search content in books. In the company announced Google Print, a project with several major libraries around the world that would begin to make their holdings freely available on the Internet.

The digital files were then converted into portable document files PDFs that were fully searchable, downloadable, and printable. In the company changed the name of the project to Google Books, and about one million books per year were scanned in its initial years of operation.

As of , Google had scanned more than 15 million books. Meanwhile, groups of authors and publishers filed suit to stop the company from making passages from their copyrighted books available over the Internet. In Google bought Keyhole Inc. Keyhole had developed an online mapping service that Google rebranded in as Google Earth. While many of these mashups were created for convenience or simple novelty, others became critical lifesaving tools.

For instance, in the wake of Hurricane Katrina in , Google Earth provided interactive satellite overlays of the affected region, enabling rescuers to better understand the extent of the damage. Subsequently, Google Earth became a vital tool in many disaster recovery efforts.

Some photographs provided a view through house windows or showed persons sunbathing. Google defended the service by saying that the images showed only what a person could see if walking down the street. In response to privacy concerns in Germany, in Google allowed people to opt out of having their homes and business included in Street View, and , people 3 percent of the country did so. However, even though a German court ruled in that Street View was legal, Google announced that it would not add new photographs to the service.

The first free programs included Google Calendar a scheduling program , Google Talk an instant messaging program , and Google Page Creator a Web-page-creation program. This type of deployment, in which both the data and the programs are located somewhere on the Internet, is often called cloud computing. Between and Google bought or developed various traditional business programs word processor , spreadsheet , and presentation software that were eventually collectively named Google Docs.

In Google introduced a Premier Edition of its Google Apps that included 25 gigabytes of e-mail storage, security functions from the recently acquired Postini software, and no advertisements. As the components of Google Docs became available, they were added to both the free ad-supported Google Apps and the Premier Edition. In Google released Chrome, a Web browser with an advanced JavaScript engine better suited for running programs within the browser. The following year the company announced plans to develop an open-source operating system, known as Chrome OS.

The first devices to use Chrome OS were released in and were netbooks called Chromebooks. Chrome OS, which runs on top of a Linux kernel, requires fewer system resources than most operating systems because it uses cloud computing.

The only software running on a Chrome OS device is the Chrome browser, all other software applications being supplied by Google Apps. Two years later Google announced the founding of the Open Handset Alliance, a consortium of dozens of technology and mobile telephone companies, including Intel Corporation , Motorola, Inc. The consortium was created in order to develop and promote Android, a free open-source operating system based on Linux.

However, its lack of native support for multi-touch—a typing and navigation feature pioneered by Apple that allowed users more flexibility in interacting with touchscreens—was seen as a drawback when compared with other handsets in its class. The first product was criticized for poor performance, but by the end of Android-based tablets had gained ground on the hugely popular Apple iPad.

Of the 68 million tablets estimated to have shipped in that year, 39 percent ran Android, compared with nearly 60 percent being iPads. Google was obliged to battle competitors over Android in the courts as well as in the marketplace.

After two years in court, Google eventually won the lawsuit. Instead of attacking Google directly, Apple Inc. Google was late to recognize the popularity and advertising potential of social networks such as Facebook and Twitter. Its first attempt to create a social network , Google Buzz, started in and closed less than two years later. Within a year of its start, the social network service had attracted more than million users. Facebook, by contrast, had taken five years to reach million users.

Seeing the value of games in retaining users on social networks, it quickly released a games area for the service. It also developed innovative features that were not available on Facebook.

For example, with Hangouts, users could instantly create free video conferences for up to 10 people. We welcome suggested improvements to any of our articles. You can make it easier for us to review and, hopefully, publish your contribution by keeping a few points in mind. Your contribution may be further edited by our staff, and its publication is subject to our final approval.

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Read More on This Topic. A free-text query to the history service. Leave empty to retrieve all pages. Limit results to those visited after this date, represented in milliseconds since the epoch. If not specified, this defaults to 24 hours in the past. Limit results to those visited before this date, represented in milliseconds since the epoch.

The callback parameter should be a function that looks like this:. The URL for which to retrieve visit information. It must be in the format as returned from a call to history. Adds a URL to the history at the current time with a transition type of "link". If you specify the callback parameter, it should be a function that looks like this:. Removes all items within the specified date range from the history. Pages will not be removed from the history unless all visits fall within the range.

Items added to history after this date, represented in milliseconds since the epoch. Items added to history before this date, represented in milliseconds since the epoch. This event fires before the page has loaded.

Fired when one or more URLs are removed from the history service. When all visits have been removed the URL is purged from history. True if all history was removed. If true, then urls will be empty. Skip to main content chrome. You can add, remove, and query for URLs in the browser's history. To override the history page with your own version, see Override Pages. The following table describes each transition type.

Transition type Description "link" The user got to this page by clicking a link on another page. Also used for other explicit navigation actions. See also generated , which is used for cases where the user selected a choice that didn't look at all like a URL. This is any content that is automatically loaded in a non-top-level frame. For example, if a page consists of several frames containing ads, those ad URLs have this transition type.

An explicitly requested frame is probably more important than an automatically loaded frame because the user probably cares about the fact that the requested frame was loaded. For example, a match might have the URL of a Google search result page, but it might appear to the user as "Search Google for These are not quite the same as typed navigations because the user didn't type or see the destination URL.

Note that in some situations — such as when a form uses script to submit contents — submitting a form does not result in this transition type. Session restore and Reopen closed tab use this transition type, too. HistoryItem An object encapsulating one result of a history query. TransitionType transition The transition type for this visit from its referrer.

Control how past searches can improve your search experience

Find and see your search history, browsing history, and other activity that's saved to your Google Account in My Activity. You’re in control of this data and can easily delete activity from your account. Choose which Google products to include. (Note: Some Google products don't save activity in My Activity.) At the top of the page, select Search ; To delete activity, next to the search bar, select More. To delete certain items: Choose Select. Choose the items you want to delete. At the top right, select Delete. The Google company was officially launched in by Larry Page and Sergey Brin to market Google Search, which has become the most widely used web-based search engine. Page and Brin, students at Stanford University in California, developed a search algorithm – at first known as "BackRub" – in